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The exact date of Buddha's Birthday is based on the Asian lunisolar calendars.
It is said that the Buddha originally followed the way of asceticism to attain enlightenment sooner, as was thought by many at that time.Therefore, in most Japanese temples, Buddha's birth is celebrated on the Gregorian calendar date April 8; only a few celebrate it on the orthodox Chinese calendar date of the eighth day of the fourth lunar month.In Bangladesh the event is called দোদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা or Buddho Purnima.(Bucheonim osin nal) meaning "the day when the Buddha came".Lotus lanterns cover the entire temple throughout the month which are often flooded down the street.It is also called is Buddha Jayanti, with Jayanti meaning birthday in Sanskrit Language.
The corresponding Western Gregorian calendar dates varies from year to year: In many East Asian countries Buddha's Birth is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Chinese lunar calendar (in Japan since 1873 on April 8 of the Gregorian calendar), and the day is an official holiday in Hong Kong, Macau, and South Korea.
Buddha's Birthday is a holiday traditionally celebrated in Mahayana Buddhism to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism.
According to the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures At the age of thirty five, He attained enlightenment (nirvana) underneath a Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya (modern day India). At the age of eighty, He died at Kushinagar, India.
In South Asian and Southeast Asian countries, Buddha's birthday is celebrated on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month of the Buddhist calendar and the Hindu calendar, which usually falls in April or May month of the Western Gregorian calendar.
The festival is known as Buddha Purnima, as Purnima means full moon day in Sanskrit.
The public holiday for Buddha purnima in India was initiated by Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar when he was the minister of social justice It is celebrated especially in Sikkim, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bodh Gaya, various parts of North Bengal such as Kalimpong, Darjeeling, and Kurseong, and Maharashtra (where 73% of total Indian Buddhists live) and other parts of India as per Indian calendar. Kheer, a sweet rice porridge is commonly served to recall the story of Sujata, a maiden who, in Gautama Buddha's life, offered the Buddha a bowl of milk porridge.