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Youth dating violence is both prevalent and consequential.Estimates from population-based surveys suggest that, each year, 10% of high school–attending youth in the United States are physically hurt on purpose by a dating partner and that 9.3% of US college students perpetrate physical violence against a dating partner (1, 2).
The authors reviewed 28 studies published in 1985–2010; most (82%) were cross-sectional.JAMAJAMA Network Open JAMA Cardiology JAMA Dermatology JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery JAMA Internal Medicine JAMA Neurology JAMA Oncology JAMA Ophthalmology JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery JAMA Pediatrics JAMA Psychiatry JAMA Surgery Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry (1919-1959) Swahn MH, Donovan JE.Alcohol and violence: comparison of the psychosocial correlates of adolescent involvement in alcohol-related physical fighting versus other physical fighting. 2006;31(11):2014-2029Pub Med Crossref Cheng TL, Wright JL, Markakis D, Copeland-Linder N, Menvielle E.Randomized trial of a case management program for assault-injured youth: impact on service utilization and risk for reinjury. 2008;24(3):130-136Pub Med Crossref Johnston BD, Rivara FP, Droesch RM, Dunn C, Copass MK.Behavior change counseling in the emergency department to reduce injury risk: a randomized, controlled trial. 2002;110(2 pt 1):267-274Pub Med Crossref Monti PM, Colby SM, Barnett NP, et al.By contrast, the epidemiology of adult partner violence perpetration is better understood.
As a result, many researchers have begun to investigate whether and to what extent risk factors for adult partner violence perpetration also explain youth dating violence.
Furthermore, few studies have been hypothesis driven, controlled for potential confounding, or examined potential effect measure modification.
Studies designed to investigate the youth alcohol–DVP link specifically, and whether results vary by individuals’ gender, developmental stage, or culture, are needed.
Randomized controlled trial of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing: utility and acceptability in longitudinal studies. 2000;152(2):99-106Pub Med Crossref Murphy DA, Durako S, Muenz LR, Wilson CM.
Marijuana use among HIV-positive and high-risk adolescents: a comparison of self-report through audio computer-assisted self-administered interviewing and urinalysis. 2000;152(9):805-813Pub Med Crossref Turner CF, Ku L, Rogers SM, Lindberg LD, Pleck JH, Sonenstein FL.
Approximately 9%–32% of those who experience dating violence report being injured.